Advanced Fee Fraud is a criminal offence defined and punishable under section 419 of the Nigeria criminal code. The scam as it is now widely known, is initiated by syndicates with members in different parts of the world strategically located to implement their different tasks to ensure the success of the deals. As the name of the crime implied the fraudsters through deception obtain money or goods from the victims in advance in lure of a promised financial benefits accruable to the victims after the conclusion of the DEAL.
We should also note here that THE DEALS are usually not legal, there are always an indication of a bribe to be paid to some "Government and or Bank officials", evasion of "official tax" and other illegal activities to ensure the success of the deal. What usually attracts the victims to co-operate with the fraudsters are the attractive financial benefits they hope to gain at the end of the deal, thus in the real sense both the fraudsters and the victims have wrong motives.
The scam is initiated with the fraudster contacting a targeted victim, either by fax, phone or e- mail and a proposal or request made with the fraudster posing as senior government officials, a victim or dependant of government's abuse of human rights . They claim that they are in possession of a large amount of money. The proposal usually involves the transfer of the money to a bank account outside of Nigeria, to that of the targeted victim. A plausible or sympathetic explanation is usually given for the transfer, although they basically appeal to the intended victim's greed who is usually promised a sizeable percentage of the money transferred, as a commission, for the use of the bank account.
If the intended victim is interested in the deal, they are requested to forward a variety of paperwork which generally includes blank company letterheads which are duly signed, blank invoices, telephone and fax numbers, and especially bank account details. These being required to effect the transfer of the money into the bank account. (read more)
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