UN Treaties and Resolutions


Since the turn of the century, the need for stringent codification of anticorruption laws has increased, with rise in corrutpion and ingeneus ways practising corruption. International and domestic focus on curruption has become more intense, apparently because of the devastation that the corrupt acts have visited upon generations an dcitizens of states, while it is treated with levity . The mounting pressure and attention on public officers, international corporates and multinationals, and individuals is understandable, as these entities are perceived as being vihecles for corrupt practices overtly or covertly. Arising from Civil Society anti-corruption advocacy campaignes, attention has also been directed at corporate corruption, international monitory transactions and cross border money laundry activities. Evidently, most countries with a high corruption profile are poverty striken and grossly under-developed.

If corruption and corrupt practices are to be eliminated in countries and their national systems, enforcible domestic and international laws remain potend tools for achiving this goal. Many a country have had their laws reviewed, others codified in this regard in search of novel ways of combating emerging challenges and new dimensions of corruption.
Based on the need for a global equivocation against corruption, several attempts have been made by agencies, institutions, organisations and nation-states at harmonising domestic and international treaties, with a view to tracking corruption. Some of these include the efforts of; Council of Europe, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), European Union (EU), Financial Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF), Organisation for Economic Co-operation & Development (OECD), Organisation of American States (OAS), Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe, United Nations (UN), and the World Customs Organization (WCO). See http://www.oecd.org/daf/nocorruptionweb/law/treaties.htm,http://www.oecd.org/daf/nocurruptionweb/law 

In today's globalized economy, organized crime groups generate huge sums of money by drug trafficking, arms smuggling and financial crime. "Dirty money", however, is of little use to organized crime because it raises the suspicions of law enforcement and leaves a trail of incriminating evidence. Criminals who wish to benefit from the proceeds of large-scale crime have to disguise their illegal profits without compromising themselves. This process is known as money laundering. (Read More)http://www.unodc.org/unodc/money_laundering.html

There are several intervention mechanisms designed and put in place by national governments, to assist victims of financial crimes and or operators of this business. Depending on the particular area of concentration, governments name this commission, agencies, and institutions in a manner reflecting its uppermost foucs. For instance in Nigeria, there is the Financial and other related Crime Tribunal, and there is also the Independent Corrupt Practices and other related Offences Commission (ICPC). Read More

International Resources
United Nation Office on Drugs and Crime 
United Nation Office on Drugs and Crime 
Human right Internet
United nation(pdf)
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development 
United nations Treaties 
United Nation prevention of corrupt practices
United State Info
United nations Treaties 

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